Brussels Agreement 2011

In July and September 2012, officials from the Slovenian parliament and the Slovenian Foreign Ministry said they would not ratify Croatia`s accession treaty until an agreement on the debt management of Slovenian bank Ljubljanska banka, which went bankrupt during the disintegration of Yugoslavia, had been reached for its Croatian clients. [89] In February 2013, representatives of all major Slovenian parties agreed to accept Croatia`s accession following a compromise between experts and foreign ministers from both countries. [90] The Prime Ministers of Slovenia and Croatia signed a memorandum on 11 March describing the agreement in which Slovenian Prime Minister Janez Jana said that ratification of the accession treaty would take place “within 30 days” following the signing of the memorandum. [91] [92] On 2 April 2013, the Slovenian parliament approved Croatia`s accession. [93] The dialogue began in March 2011 in an attempt to improve the living conditions of northerners. Early progress has been on the free movement of people and goods. But the status of northern Kosovo, home to about 40,000 Serbs opposed to Pristina`s authority, remained a major obstacle. The good news is so tight in Europe, especially in the Western Balkans, that we can be celebrated a little bit. The agreement between Kosovo and Serbia, signed in Brussels on 19 April, is indeed historic. Under the Brussels agreement, meetings are held regularly to ensure the implementation of provisions in various areas. An agreement on justice was reached in February 2015, followed by agreements on energy and telecommunications operators. On 25 August 2015, an agreement was reached for the creation of the Serbian Community Association, which is at the heart of the Brussels agreement. The statutes have yet to be drawn up.

With only 2 pages, the agreement has 15 paragraphs. Paragraphs 1 to 6 concern the establishment, scope and functions of a proposed community of Serbian communes. Paragraphs 7 to 9 concern police and security structures and provide for the organization of a police unit for the whole of Kosovo, including its northern parts, known as the “Kosovo Police”. Paragraph 11 provides that local elections are held throughout Kosovo in accordance with Kosovo law. Paragraph 12 provides for an implementation plan and sets a date (to date) for the completion of the plan. Paragraph 13 contains a commitment to intensify discussions on energy and telecommunications. Paragraph 14 states that “neither side will block the other side`s progress on their respective EU trajectories or encourage others to block them.” Paragraph 15 provides for the creation of an enforcement committee with the EU. 1. In Kosovo, there will be an association/community of majority Serb communities. Membership is open to any other municipality, subject to the agreement of the members. The Serbian National Assembly did not treat the agreement as international and did not ratify it into a binding law, which is a necessary procedure for international agreements in Serbia. [21] However, it only accepted the government report on “the process of political and technical dialogue with the temporary institutions of Pristina, under the aegis of the EU, including the process of implementing the agreements reached”.

[22] The Constitutional Court of Belgrade did not respond to the question of the constitutionality of the agreement and stated in December 2014[23] that the issue raised was political and not legal.