What Were The Major Terms Of The 1993 Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

Since 1993, the contractual relationship between Canada and the Nunavut Inuit has been grouped into a process of technical implementation and activity to meet the specific obligations set out in a joint implementation plan. Nunavut Tunngavik Inc. (NTI), the Inuit organization responsible for overseeing the implementation of the land agreement, is calling for a more effective approach to implementation and enhanced implementation funding to achieve the NLCA`s environmental, social and economic objectives. Federal officials expressed concern that ITTI is mixing contract rights and obligations with broader socio-economic and cultural objectives that go beyond the implementation of the treaty. The Government of Nunavut is in the midst of a bilateral contractual relationship between the Inuit and Canada, where it has major implementation tasks, but where it is not recognized as a full partner and does not feel sufficiently equipped to meet its contractual obligations or Inuit expectations. Barry Dewar is a retired federal public servant with a 30-year career in Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, which focuses on Aboriginal rights and rights. From 1979 to 1993, he was a member of the federal nunavut claim negotiating team and, from 1986 to 1993, a senior federal negotiator. He then served as Director General of Self-Management Negotiations and General Manager of the Global Demands Division. The formal path of this pioneering agreement began in 1973, when a large study was launched to document where Inuit lived at the time, where their ancestors lived, how they lived and how they travelled and hunted in the Canadian Arctic. A limit was essential both for the foe claim contract and for the political development process. Following an investigation that revealed a persistent disagreement between Inuit and Dene, the federal government asked John Parker, a former NWT representative, to recommend a uniform boundary between the two claim areas.

Despite great dissatisfaction with parts of the Parker Line, Inuit leaders reluctantly accepted the border in July 1991, subject to a number of concessions at the national action table on land quantum and property rights. The urgent need for a demarcation line for the Nunavut and border process was the decisive factor for Inuit leaders. Had Nunavut not been in the equation, the border issue could have resulted in or fragmented the land`s claim to the founder or fragment into three regional Inuit claims. CONSIDERANT that the agreement is a land agreement within the meaning of Section 35 of the Constitution Act 1982; Back to the footnote [Note: Act of July 9, 1993, see SI/93-99.] Nunavut and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement represent historic achievements that provide economic opportunities and political levers to improve their socio-economic situation. Both have made a significant contribution to this goal and have the potential to do much more. However, the difference between Canada`s closed rapprochement with Nunavut and the Nunavut Land Agreement and the more holistic Inuit view remains an underlying source of tension in canada`s ongoing relations with the Nunavut Inuit.